Impact of Acquired Brain Injury

The effects of an acquired brain injury can begin to show immediately or increase or decrease over time. Every individual will experience a unique combination of challenges and changes

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Physical Therapy


  • Fatigue, difficulties and sleeping, insomnia

  • Challenges with walking, sitting, moving from one location to another, bathing and household tasks

  • Slurred Speech

  • Chronic pain, headaches

  • Seizures, vertigo (sensation of dizziness/ spinning/ loss of balance)


  • Needing more time to process information

  • Difficulty with making plans, decisions, organizing and beginning tasks

  • Challenges with communicating: understanding and making conversations, finding the right word, speaking in proper sentences, understanding cures

  • Difficulty writing

  • Difficulty with concentration, easily distracted

  • Difficulty with memory, learning, reasoning and judgement

  • Preservation: getting stuck on a single topic, idea, or activity either in conversation or actions

  • Loss/ changes or senses and perceptions: sensations, sense of smell or taste, vision, double vision, hearing, swallowing


  • Feeling irritable, having a 'short fuse'

  • Depression, anxiety, anger

  • Prone to sudden, extreme emotions for no clear reason

  • Showing a limited emotional response to situations

  • Feelings of loss of identity


  • Engaging in risky behaviour, impulsive

  • Lack of a 'filter', saying things that are inappropriate

  • Isolating oneself

  • Difficulty with social and work relationships

  • Changing/ inconsistent sleep patterns

  • Change in role: often from being independent to relying on others for care and support

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